The Fascinating Berbers or Tuaregs – Erfoud, Morocco Erfoud is in the Middle Atlas of Morocco surrounded by desert. Local guide, Ali, joined the group and began our morning tour by explaining Berber or Tuareg culture. Ali was dressed in a traditional blue Tuareg "bou-bou", an outer garment similar to a Kaftan with baggy pants underneath and a turban. The only difference between the two tribes is that Berbers are farmers and Tuaregs, nomads. Whatever, Ali was both interesting, informative and had a great personality.